Yuma Installation Guide
From Yuma123 Wiki
Copyright 2009 – 2012, Andy Bierman, All Rights Reserved.
Copyright 2013 – 2017, Vladimir Vassilev, All Rights Reserved.
Other documentation includes:
There are several sources of free information and tools for use with YANG and/or NETCONF.
The following section lists the resources available at this time.
- Netconf Central
- Yuma Home Page
- Free information on NETCONF and YANG, tutorials, on-line YANG module validation and documentation database
- Yuma123 SourceForge open source Project
- Download Yuma source and documentation
- Yang Central
- Free information and tutorials on YANG, free YANG tools for download
- NETCONF Working Group Wiki Page
- Free information on NETCONF standardization activities and NETCONF implementations
- NETCONF WG Status Page
- IETF Internet draft status for NETCONF documents
- libsmi Home Page
- Free tools such as smidump, to convert SMIv2 to YANG
- Offers support, training, and consulting for Yuma.
- Offers YumaPro, a professional version of Yuma that includes concurrency, external database support, sub-agent support, multiple northbound interfaces, and more. API compatible with Yuma. Availability: September, 2012. Licensed.
- Offers Linux based embedded operating system distribution which uses Yuma for configuration and monitoring.
- Offers support, training, and consulting for YANG and netconf.
- NETCONF Working Group
- Technical issues related to the NETCONF protocol are discussed on the NETCONF WG mailing list. Refer to the instructions on the WEB page for joining the mailing list.
- NETMOD Working Group
- Technical issues related to the YANG language and YANG data types are discussed on the NETMOD WG mailing list. Refer to the instructions on the WEB page for joining the mailing list.
Conventions Used in this Document
The following formatting conventions are used throughout this document:
|--foo||CLI parameter foo|
|<foo>||XML parameter foo|
|foo||yangcli command or parameter|
|$FOO||Environment variable FOO|
|$$foo||yangcli global variable foo|
|Example command or PDU|
|some text||Plain text|
Refer to section 3 of the Yuma User Manual for a complete introduction to Yuma.
This section focuses on the client and server tools within the Yuma programs.
This document is intended for users of the Yuma NETCONF client and server programs. It covers the installation of the Yuma packages.
The following requirements must be met for Yuma to be installed.
There are no binary packages distributed at this time. Binaries can be compiled from source and installed using Autotools/Automake or built as Debian package from source using the Debian package management tools. The build scripts are tested on the following platforms:
- Debian 8.0 "jessie" (32 bit x86 and 64-bit AMD)
- Ubuntu 12.04.5 LTS (Precise Pangolin) (32 bit x86 and 64-bit AMD)
The following programs and libraries need to be available for Yuma to work.
The libxml2 package is needed by the yuma package for some of the XML parsing functions. This package is installed by the default Linux installation process.
To build yuma sources, also install the developer version of this package. It is called libxml2-dev on Debian systems.
The libssh2 package is needed by the yuma package for the yangcli program to connect to NETCONF servers using the SSH protocol. This package is called libssh2-1 on Ubuntu platforms. This package is not installed by the default Linux installation process.
To build yuma sources, also install the developer version of this package. It is called libssh2-1-dev on Debian systems.
The ncurses library is needed by the yuma package for some terminal support. This package is installed by the default Linux installation process.
It is called libncurses5 on Ubuntu systems.
To build yuma sources, also install the developer version of this package. It is called libncurses5-dev on Debian systems.
The zlib library is needed by the yuma package for some compression support, used by other libraries that yuma imports. This package is installed by the default Linux installation process.
To build yuma sources, also install the developer version of this package. It is called libz-dev on Debian systems.
The libreadline library is needed by the yuma package for command line handling. This package is installed by the default Linux installation process.
To build yuma sources, also install the developer version of this package. It is called libreadline-dev on Debian systems.
Getting the source
~> git clone git://git.code.sf.net/p/yuma123/git yuma123 ~> cd yuma123
Building and Installation
You can either use the Debian/Ubuntu package management tools or directly the Autotools build scripts if the platform you have is not Debian based or you need more flexibility.
Alternative 1: Debian/Ubuntu *.deb package build and installation steps
Check if you have any unmet dependencies:
yuma123> dpkg-checkbuilddeps dpkg-checkbuilddeps: Unmet build dependencies: libssh2-1-dev libxml2-dev
Install the missing packages:
yuma123> sudo apt-get install libssh2-1-dev libxml2-dev
Build the *.deb:
yuma123> dpkg-buildpackage -rfakeroot -uc -b
The generated *.deb package e.g. ../yuma123_2.5-1_i386.deb can be installed:
yuma123> sudo dpkg -i ../yuma123_2.5-1_i386.deb
Alternative 2: Autotools build and installation steps
Assuming you have no unresolved dependencies:
yuma123> autoreconf -i -f yuma123> ./configure CFLAGS='-g -O0' CXXFLAGS='-g -O0' --prefix=/usr yuma123> make yuma123> sudo make install
- /usr/bin directory contains the following programs:
- /usr/sbin directory contains the following server programs:
- /usr/lib directory contains the following files:
- /usr/lib/yuma directory contains the following file:
- /usr/share/yuma/modules directory contains all the YANG modules:
- /usr/share/doc/yuma123 directory (*.deb only) containing the following files:
- /usr/include/yuma directory contains H files needed to compile SIL code so it can be loaded into the server at runtime:
Each program also has extensive help information available with the --help CLI parameter. For example:
- yangcli --help
- netconfd --help
Running the Yuma Programs
If you are just using the Yuma client applications, then there is no further mandatory setup required.
- If a work directory is used, then the $YUMA_HOME environment variable needs to be defined. Refer to the user manual for details.
- If Yuma is installed in a location other than the default location described above, then the $YUMA_INSTALL environment variable needs to be defined. Refer to the user manual for details.
- The following binary applications are available:
- /usr/bin/yangcli: NETCONF-over-SSH client application
netconfd and netconf-subsystem
The Yuma server does not automatically start running when installed. This will be supported in a future release.
The following steps must be taken to start the netconfd server:
- You must modify the /etc/ssh/sshd_config file, and add the 'netconf' subsystem, as described in the user manual.If the yuma package was installed in a non-default location, then the path to the netconf-subsystem will be different than the example below. The following commands must be present:
Port 22 Port 830 Subsystem netconf /usr/sbin/netconf-subsystem
- Start the netconfd server, as described in the Yuma User Manual or the Yuma Quickstart Guide. This can be in the foreground or the background. If it is in the background, then the '--log' CLI parameter should be provided, as shown below:
mydir> /usr/sbin/netconfd --log=$HOME/mylog &
- Restart the SSH server. This is a platform-specific task. Refer to the sshd manual page for your system for more details. This step may need to be run as root or with the 'sudo' program.
mydir> sudo /etc/init.d/ssh restart
Fedora 12 version:
mydir> sudo /etc/rc.d/init.d/sshd restart